As released by NSFC (National Science Foundation of China), Prof. Guillaume Marois from ADRI was awarded the NSFC Research Fund for International Scientists (RFIS) for his project “The nexus of fertility, educational attainment, and labor force participation and its consequences for population aging in China”. This is the second time that faculty member from ADRI is granted this fund for international scientists, which marks ADRI has made a new breakthrough in the field of population studies.
This project investigates the nexus of fertility, educational attainment, and labor force participation and its consequences for population aging in China. More specifically, the project will reassess the potential impact of changes in fertility on the consequences of population aging, taking into account the interaction of fertility behaviors, educational attainment, and labor force participation and its intergenerational feedback. This will be done through a multidimensional projection model that explicitly considers these social dynamics. The model will use a microsimulation approach, in which individual actors are exposed to the risk of a set of events relevant to their state and specific to their own characteristics, thus allowing to handle a large set of variables and their interaction. In addition of the traditional age-dependency ratio, main outcomes of the model would include the labor force dependency ratio (the ratio of non-workers to workers) and the productivity-weighted labor force dependency ratio, which approximates differences in productivity through wage differentials associated with various levels of educational attainment.